Geometric post-Newtonian description of massive spin-half particles in curved spacetime

verfasst von
Ashkan Alibabaei, Philip K. Schwartz, Domenico Giulini
Abstract

We consider the Dirac equation coupled to an external electromagnetic field in curved four-dimensional spacetime with a given timelike worldline $\gamma$ representing a classical clock. We use generalised Fermi normal coordinates in a tubular neighbourhood of $\gamma$ and expand the Dirac equation up to, and including, the second order in the dimensionless parameter given by the ratio of the geodesic distance to the radii defined by spacetime curvature, linear acceleration of $\gamma$, and angular velocity of rotation of the employed spatial reference frame along $\gamma$. With respect to the time measured by the clock $\gamma$, we compute the Dirac Hamiltonian to that order. On top of this `weak-gravity' expansion we then perform a post-Newtonian expansion up to, and including, the second order of $1/c$, corresponding to a `slow-velocity' expansion with respect to $\gamma$. As a result of these combined expansions we give the weak-gravity post-Newtonian expression for the Pauli Hamiltonian of a spin-half particle in an external electromagnetic field. This extends and partially corrects recent results from the literature, which we discuss and compare in some detail.

Organisationseinheit(en)
SFB 1227: Designte Quantenzustände der Materie (DQ-mat)
Institut für Quantenoptik
Institut für Theoretische Physik
Externe Organisation(en)
Zentrum für angewandte Raumfahrt­technologie und Mikro­gravitation (ZARM)
Universität Bremen
Typ
Artikel
Journal
Classical and Quantum Gravity
Band
40
ISSN
0264-9381
Publikationsdatum
07.11.2023
Publikationsstatus
Veröffentlicht
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Physik und Astronomie (sonstige)
Elektronische Version(en)
https://arxiv.org/abs/2307.04743 (Zugang: Offen)
https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ad079c (Zugang: Offen)