Accurate atom counting for entanglement-enhanced atom interferometry

verfasst von
Andreas Hüper
betreut von
Carsten Klempt

Atom interferometers belong among today's most precise sensors and offer a broad range of possible metrological applications. Given their ability to measure accelerations and rotations precisely, they are suitable for inertial sensing, navigation and geodesy. Beyond this, they proved indispensible for time-keeping as well as fundamental research. This explains why the improvement of achievable sensitivities of atom interferometers is of particular interest. However the sensitivity of atom interferometers is fundamentally restricted by the standard quantum limit. The standard quantum limit can only be surpassed by employing entangled many-partice states. Entangled states, such as the twin-Fock state, allow atom interferometers to improve the phase sensitivity beyond the standard quantum limit, but they are reliant on an accurate detection of the interferometric out come. In this work, an experimental apparatus is designed and set up that will allow for routine generation of highly entangled twin-Fock states in a Rubidium-87 spinor Bose-Einstein condensate. As the main feature of this apparatus, an accurate atom counting fluorescence detection has been implemented. This detection achieves single-particle resolving fluorescence measurements for 1 up to 30 atoms. According to the noise analysis the single-atom resolution extends to a limiting atom number of 390(20) atoms. The implemented quadrupole coils with their strong gradient of up to 300 G/cm offer a tight confinement that in combination with the 55 W optical dipole trap laser will enable a fast repetition rate of the creation of highly entangled quantum states.

Institut für Quantenoptik
QUEST Leibniz Forschungsschule
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