Thermometry of 9Be+ ions in a cryogenic Penning trap

verfasst von
Johannes Mielke
betreut von
Christian Ospelkaus

High precision comparisons of the proton and antiproton g-factor enable stringent tests of CPT symmetry in the baryonic sector. However, current measurement routines suffer from long preparation times and high particle temperatures, which complicate the increase of the precision beyond the parts per billion regime. As a solution, new sympathetic cooling schemes based on co-trapped laser-cooled ions may be used to cool (anti-)protons to the ground state of motion and to significantly decrease particle preparation times. In addition, motional coupling to an auxiliary ion in a double-well potential can be used for the implementation of new readout schemes based on quantum logic spectroscopy for the spin-state of the (anti-)protons. This thesis describes a cryogenic Penning trap system for ground state cooling of single 9Be+ ions, which represents the latest development of the BASE experiment in Hannover towards the implementation of sympathetic cooling schemes and quantum logic spectroscopy of single (anti-)protons. Furthermore, the setup and implementation of lasers systems at 313nm for Doppler cooling, repumping and Raman interactions are described. To this end, an optical platform for laser beam delivery to the vacuum system and an optical phase-locked loop for the stabilization of the relative phase of two lasers at 313 nm are presented. In this work, the laser systems are used for measurements of the optical resonance frequencies for cooling, probing and repumping of 9Be+ ions. In addition, stimulated Raman transitions are demonstrated using two phase-locked lasers at 313nm. In the following, this technique is used for high-precision measurements of the qubit frequency and the magnetic field, as well as themometry measurements with 9Be+ ions. The temperature of the ions after Doppler cooling is measured as a function of the cooling laser parameters and a minimal axial mode temperature of 1.77(10) mK is obtained. The results of this thesis pave the way for sideband spectroscopy and ground state cooling of single 9Be+ ions in Penning traps, which is an essential prerequisite for sympathetic ground state cooling of single (anti-)protons and the application of quantum logic spectroscopy to (anti-)proton g-factor measurements in the future.

Institut für Quantenoptik
QUEST Leibniz Forschungsschule
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